Dimming LED lamps is nowhere near as simple as halogen lamps where a simple change in the voltage will provide smooth dimming. LED’s require a constant current and work at much lower wattages than halogen lamps which is of course, one of their primary attractions.
For the purposes of this article we will restrict the discussion to GU10 mains voltage LED lamps.
The problems are mainly to do with ensuring that the dimmer switch matches the lamps – LED’s are not like halogen lamps which will operate with almost any dimmer. Most existing dimmer switches are designed to operate with relatively high loads (typically 40-600w) which is fine for halogen lamps which might consume 50w each but less appropriate for LED’s which could be just a few watts. Additionally there are different types of dimmer – leading edge and trailing edge and 0-10v – so where do you begin!
If you choose a high-quality dimmable LED GU10 such as our Toshiba 8.5w LED, then all the power and dimming options are dealt with within the lamps and as long as you ensure that the circuit load (the number of lamps * the wattage of each lamp) is greater than the lower rating of the dimmer switch, then it should work without problems – NOT TRUE UNFORTUNATELY – you will find that there are minimum and maximum lamp numbers which need to be on a circuit for everything to operate correctly (if you want to know why then read the footnote at the bottom of this article).
Beginning with the dimmer switch, rather than simply buying a dimmer and then some lamps, the lamp manufacturers should be able to offer a list of tested and compatible dimmer switches which will operate their lamps correctly – if you get the combinations of lamps and dimmer switches wrong then it’s not dangerous but it just won’t work properly – you will get different effects from no dimming through to flashing.
There are many low cost lamps claiming to be dimmable with any dimmer switch – it’s just not true – if you want them to dim properly then you MUST check the compatibility.
If you have already purchased and are having problems whereby lamps are flickering, you can fix this by adding a dummy load to the circuit – something like the ResLoad from Danlers but be aware that when you add these products you are increasing the load on the circuit and will draw more power!
Why is there a problem with dimming LED lamps?
The problem is caused by it being a legal requirement for dimmers switches to always light if switched on (ie it cannot be on and have zero output). This involves having a resistor detect load. With LED lamps when there are only a few lamps on the circuit the capacitance generated by the lamps is below the minimum trigger level on the dimmer switch which means that the circuitry on the dimmer will always reset to the minimum level which is set to suit the higher wattages of halogen lamps – 5 watts on a halogen is perhaps 10% of power whilst 5w on an LED could be 60-70% power – hence the dimming function is significantly reduced.
The solution is to choose a dimmer switch which is software controller or intelligent where this problems can be properly addressed. Examples include the J Series from Varilight.
We stock a range of fully dimmable GU10 and low voltage MR16 LED bulbs quality focused brands Toshiba and Maxilux. View our GU10 LED Bulbs.